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  • Afghanistan



    Currency Afghani (AFN)
    Population 35,53 million (2017)
    Top Import Wheat Flours
    Top Import Partner Pakistan
    Top Export Grapes
    Top Export Partner India
    Top Import from ZA Aircraft Parts
    Top Export to ZA Aircraft Parts
    Ease-of-doing-business rank 173rd


    Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Occupying 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), it is a mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and largest city. The population is 32 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks.

    Main Industries

    Small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food-products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper.


    The top exports of Afghanistan are Grapes ($143M), Insect Resins ($102M), Tropical Fruits ($101M), Coal Briquettes ($59.7M) and Other Nuts ($58.4M), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Wheat Flours ($419M), Armored vehicles ($331M), Refined Petroleum ($258M), Raw Sugar ($248M) and Delivery Trucks ($189M).

    The top export destinations of Afghanistan are India ($411M), Pakistan ($392M), Germany ($8.9M), Turkey ($8.74M) and the United States ($8.33M). The top import origins are Pakistan ($1.39B), the United States ($753M), India ($630M), Kazakhstan ($562M) and China ($532M).


    Imports: machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles and petroleum products.

    Exports: fruits, nuts, Afghan rugs, wool, cotton, hides, gemstone, and medical herbs.



    • Afghanistan imports over $6 billion worth of goods but exports less than $1 billion, mainly fruits and nuts.
    • Afghanistan holds over $1 trillion in proven untapped mineral deposits.
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    What does South Africa export to Afghanistan?

    What does South Africa import from Afghanistan?

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